Licorice fern: Lush & green in the heart of winter

Even in the deepest coldest part of winter, we can always find lush green native plants in the forests of BC’s west coast. Take, for example, Polypodium glycyrrhiza, otherwise known as licorice fern.
Many plant species with delicate leaves (or fronds, in the case of ferns) go dormant at this time of year because cold temperatures would freeze and kill such foliage.
But some plants, including licorice fern, maintain a kind of anti-freeze in their tissues (with high sugar concentrations) to keep thriving through snow, ice and subzero temperatures.Polypodium_glycyrrhiza_DawnHanna2016